Proto-oncogene c-RAF, RAF, RAF1
Recombinant human RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase protein (1-648AA)
ELISA;Not yet tested in other applications.
Background / Function
erine/threonine-protein kinase that acts as a regulatory link between the membrane-associated Ras GTPases and the MAPK/ERK cascade, and this critical regulatory link functions as a switch determining cell fate decisions including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, survival and oncogenic transformation. RAF1 activation initiates a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade that comprises a sequential phosphorylation of the dual-specific MAPK kinases (MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2) and the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2). The phosphorylated form of RAF1 (on residues Ser-338 and Ser-339, by PAK1) phosphorylates BAD/Bcl2-antagonist of cell death at ‘Ser-75’. Phosphorylates adenylyl cyclases: ADCY2, ADCY5 and ADCY6, resulting in their activation. Phosphorylates PPP1R12A resulting in inhibition of the phosphatase activity. Phosphorylates TNNT2/cardiac muscle troponin T. Can promote NF-kB activation and inhibit signal transducers involved in motility (ROCK2), apoptosis (MAP3K5/ASK1 and STK3/MST2), proliferation and angiogenesis (RB1). Can protect cells from apoptosis also by translocating to the mitochondria where it binds BCL2 and displaces BAD/Bcl2-antagonist of cell death. Regulates Rho signaling and migration, and is required for normal wound healing. Plays a role in the oncogenic transformation of epithelial cells via repression of the TJ protein, occludin (OCLN) by inducing the up-regulation of a transcriptional repressor SNAI2/SLUG, which induces down-regulation of OCLN. Restricts caspase activation in response to selected stimuli, notably Fas stimulation, pathogen-mediated macrophage apoptosis, and erythroid differentiation.
Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Caprylic Acid Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation purified
RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase
Literature”The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).” The MGC Project Team Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004). ”Structure and biological activity of human homologs of the raf/mil oncogene.” Bonner T.I., Kerby S.B., Sutrave P., Gunnell M.A., Mark G., Rapp U.R. Mol. Cell. Biol. 5:1400-1407(1985). ”An alternatively spliced c-mil/raf mRNA is predominantly expressed in chicken muscular tissues and conserved among vertebrate species.” Dozier C., Ansieau S., Ferreira E., Coll J., Stehelin D. Oncogene 6:1307-1311(1991).