Vancomycin Hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of vancomycin, a branched tricyclic glycosylated peptide with bactericidal activity against most organisms and bacteriostatic effect on enterococci bacteria. At a site different from that of penicillins and cephalosporins, vancomycin binds tightly to the D-alanyl-D-alanine portion of cell wall precursors, thereby interfering with bacterial cell wall synthesis. This leads to activation of bacterial autolysins that destroy the cell wall by causing cell lysis. Vancomycin may also alter the permeability of bacterial cytoplasmic membranes and may selectively inhibit RNA synthesis.
CAS Number: 1404-93-9
Molecular Formula: C66H75Cl2N9O24 · xHCl
Molecular Weight: 1449.25 (free base basis)
InChI Key: LCTORFDMHNKUSG-JIERXSPFSA-N
1 g, 5 g, 25 g